un ejemplo de examen de inglés solucionado. Recordad
que varias cuestiones son de "respuesta abierta",
o sea, que no necesariamente lo tenéis mal si no está
como yo lo he puesto. Para dudas, podéis preguntar
en los foros. También podéis enviarme por correo
vuestras composiciones para que os las corrija y/o comente.
¡Saludos y suerte!
PS: Si veis algún posible error, no dudéis en
consultármelo en este correo.
Prueba de inglés
2001 de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
on the mines
Among the saddest
aspects of old time mining were the accidents suffered by
boys -some of quite tender years- and by the young girls
employed in surface operations. Before the invention of
automatic machinery to carry out the various refining processes,
every mine required a large amount of this kind of poorly-paid,
unskilled labour; and the general poverty prevailing at
the time compelled parents to send children into this kind
of employment to raise the family income.
Many of the resulting accidents to children were caused
by their disobedience or playfulness. A grim example of
this occurred at Dolcoath in Wales, in April 1869. During
the previous summer, the boys had begun the practice of
climbing on to the wooden roofs of the houses in the mine
to eat their dinner. They preferred this airy and elevated
place to the room provided for them; but as this open-air
dining injured the roofs and put the kids in danger, they
were scolded and fined for this offence by the owners.
One day a little boy of eight was released at twelve for
his dinner. Half an hour later he was found crying for help
from the top of a cottage: the roof was so damaged that
it could not stand the weight of his body.
In your own words and based on the ideas from the text answer
these questions. Be careful with the grammar. Write precise
answers. (Puntuación máxima: 2)
1. Why was child labour common in mines?
2. Why was the practice of eating on the roofs disapproved
of by the mine owners?
A.1. Possible answers:
* There was no automatic machinery for refining processes
in mines and a lot of unskilled workers were needed. On
top of that, families were very poor.
* Parents sent their children to work in mines because they
were very poor and a lot of unskilled workers were needed
* A lot of unskilled workers were needed in mines and children
could do that. People were very poor, so it was common that
children had to find a job.
A.2. Possible answers:
* Mine owners were
worried about the roofs of the houses in the mine and the
risk of accidents. They not only scolded the children, but
also fined them.
* Because it injured the roofs of the houses in the mine
and put the children in danger. (Si vas casi
a copiar el texto, busca sinónimos, completa ideas...)
B. Are the following statements TRUE
of FALSE? Copy the evidence from the text. No mark are given
for only True or False. (Puntuación máxima:
1. All accidents in the mine were due to the danger of the
work carried out by the children.
2. Children ate on the roofs because they did not have a
proper place for dinner.
B.1. False. The text
states, "Many of the resulting accidents to children
were caused by their disobedience or playfulness."
B.2. False. The text explains, "They preferred this
airy and elevated place to the room provided for them."
C. Find the words or phrases in the
text that mean: (Puntuación máxima: 1)
1. not specialized (paragraph 1): unskilled
forced (paragraph 1): compelled
sad (paragraph 2): grim
reproved (paragraph 1): scolded
Complete the following sentences. Use the appropriate form
of the words in brackets when given. (Puntuación
1. On (the) 5th
April 1869, only three men were at work
when the accident happened.
2. Did you see (you
see) the documentary about child labour on
TV yesterday? It was very shocking.
Put in the passive: The workers immediately organised a
search party to find the missing miners.
A search party to find the missing miners was inmmediately
organised by the workers.
Put in order these words to make a meaningful sentence:
/ enough to eat/ do/ the/ children/ many/ world/ have/ not/
in the world do not have enough to eat.
5. Write about 60 to 100 words on
ONE of the following topics. Do not copy from the text.
(Puntuación máxima: 3)
5.a. What can be done today to fight against child labour
in developing countries?
5.b. What are the main problems of children in Spain?
I am going to write about the topic of the main problems
of children in Spain. (Escribir sobre
un tema no es responder a una pregunta. Os hacen la pregunta
para facilitar que se sepa qué poner. Pero el enunciado
de la pregunta dice "topic" y eso significa "tema"
y el tema es el tema, no una pregunta concreta que hay que
responder... Sobre lo de que no hay que contraer al escribir,
aquí os presentamos un ejemplo en el que sería
una barbaridad no hacerlo: si reproducimos el habla de un
niño de ocho años, está claro que tendremos
que hacerlo. Así que como norma general, no contraed
en un estilo formal, pero no olvidad que en un texto literario
puede ser necesario.)
Jonnathan Lubumba García
My name is Jonnathan Lubumba García. I'm Spanish.
My father's a black man from Senegal and my mother's a white
woman from Spain. At school, everybody thinks I am from
Africa because I look black. I'm not exactly black--I'm
a mulatto. (42 + 4)
There are a lot of racist people. They think black people
are silly and lazy. Of course, that's not true. The problem
with most racists is they don't know they're racist or how
much their ignorance hurts. I'm Spanish and Senegalese,
and I'm proud of it. (46 + 5)